Winston Churchill is still in twenty-first century regarded by many as one of the greatest Britons ever. Even today, to call someone “Churchillian” is generally a sign of respect. Politicians are often called Churchillian when they appear to be uncompromising, focused, and strong, as Churchill was a powerful and determined wartime Prime Minister.
Britain paid tribute to Winston Churchill on Friday Jan. 30, 2015, with a number of events in London to commemorate it. Churchill died on Jan. 24,1965. Its´s not every day that a country commemorates the funeral of one of its statesman.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. It happened in 1953. Among the twenty-five contenders were the American Ernest Hemingway, the Icelandic writer Halldor Laxness, and the Spaniard Juan Ramon Jimenez; all three were successively to win the Prize in the following years. At any rate, they did not offer a serious threat to Churchill’s candidacy. On October 15, the Prize was voted to him “for his mastery of historical and biographical descriptions as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values.
Among his publications are: The Story of the Malakand Field Force (1898), The River War (1899), London to Ladysmith via Pretoria (1900). Lord Randolph Churchill (1906-07), My African Journey (1908), Liberalism and the Social Problem (1909), The World Crisis of 4 vols, 1923-28), My Early Life (1930), Marlborough (1933, War Speeches 1940-5 (1946), The Second World War (6 vols, 1948-54), and A History of the English-speaking Peoples (4 vols, 1956-58).
Whatever may have been the literary merits of this extraordinary laureate, it is certain that for most people throughout the world he was chiefly, if not exclusively, the great statesman who saved U.K and had been the architect of victory in the greatest of all wars.
Winston Churchill was born in 1874 at Blenheim Palace, near Oxford, England. The palace was a gift from Britain’s Queen Anne to John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (one of Europe’s great generals and statesman whose career spanned the reigns of five monarchs his victories allowed Britain to rise as a major power, ensuring the country’s growing prosperity throughout the 18th century) following his victory at the Battle of Blenheim in 1704, raised the standing of British arms to a level not known since the Middle Ages. The overwhelming Allied victory ensured the safety of Vienna from the Franco-Bavarian army, thus preventing the collapse of the Grand Alliance, formed in an attempt to halt Louis XIV of France’s expansive roll. If The 9th Duke and Consuelo Vanderbilt, Duchess of Malborough failed to produce an heir, the dukedom would pass to Winston Churchill (Lady Randolph’s son), something the time duchess of Marlborough was loath to see happen.
The central assertion about the rights of a constitutional monarch, as defined by Walter Bagehot in 1867, remains as true as ever: ‘the sovereign has under a constitutional monarchy, as UK three rights – the right to be consulted, the right to encourage, the right to warn. The Queen has exercised all three rights. Much attention has been paid to the Queen’s first prerogative, the right to appoint a Prime Minister.
Churchill was a formidable presence for the young Queen, who remained in awe of the great war leader. At their first audience, Churchill told the Queen he could advise her from a lifetime of experience, but the time would come when she would advise Prime Ministers younger than herself from a similar standpoint. So it has proved. The first of the 12 Prime Ministers younger than the Queen was John Major. Tony Blair and David Cameron, who were not even born when she acceded to the throne.
Winston Churchill was eldest son of Lord Randolph Churchill. (third son of the 7th duke of Marlborough). Winston enter the army in 1895 and served in Cuba, India, Egypt, and the Sudan, was present as a war correspondent at Spion Kop, Diamond Hill, etc. And served in France as Lt.-Col. in 1916. He was under-secretary of state for the colonies, 1906-08; President of the board of trade, 1908-10, home secretary 1910-11; first lord of the Admiralty 1911-15; secretary of state for war, 1918-21; chancellor of the exchequer 1924-29; prime minister, 1940-45 and 1951-55.
Upon his very first entrance into the House of Commons as Britain’s new Prime Minister on Monday, May 13, 1940, Winston Churchill made this brief statement, which has become one of the finest call-to-arms yet uttered. It came at the beginning of World War II when the armies of Adolf Hitler were roaring across Europe, seemingly unstoppable, conquering country after country for Nazi Germany, and when the survival of Great Britain itself appeared rather uncertain.
– We have before us an ordeal of the most grievous kind. We have before us many, many long months of struggle and of suffering. You ask, what is our policy? I will say: It is to wage war, by sea, land and air, with all our might and with all the strength that God can give us; to wage war against a monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark and lamentable catalogue of human crime. That is our policy.
You ask, what is our aim? I can answer in one word: victory; victory at all costs, victory in spite of all terror, victory, however long and hard the road may be; for without victory, there is no survival. Let that be realized; no survival for the British Empire, no survival for all that the British Empire has stood for, no survival for the urge and impulse of the ages, that mankind will move forward towards its goal. But I take up my task with buoyancy and hope. I feel sure that our cause will not be suffered to fail among men. At this time I feel entitled to claim the aid of all, and I say, “Come then, let us go forward together with our united strength.”
Winston Churchill – May 13, 1940.
After the Soviet Union and the United States entered the war in 1941, he worked to build what he called a “Grand Alliance,” …we must be certain that our temple is built, not upon shifting sands or quagmires, but upon a rock. Anyone can see with his eyes open that our path will be difficult and also long,..— I cannot doubt that we shall achieve our common purpose in the end.
Hostilities in Europe ended officially at midnight on 8 may 1945 almost five years to day since Churchill, in the hour of greatest crisis, had become Prime Minister.
He would say then ..The armed forced of Germany surrendered unconditionally on 7 May..That is the message which I have been instructed to deliver to the British Nation and Commonwealth. I have only two or three sentences to add. They will convey to the House my deep gratitude to this House of Commons, which has proved itself the strongest foundation for waging war that has ever been seen in the whole of our long history.
We have all of us made our mistakes, but the strength of the Parliamentary institution has been shown to enable it at the same moment to preserve all the title-deeds of democracy while waging war in the most stern and protracted form.
I wish to give my hearty thanks to men of all Parties, to everyone in every part of the House where they sit, for the way in which the liveliness of Parliamentary institutions has been maintained under the fire of the enemy, and for the way in which we have been able to persevere-and we could have persevered much longer if need had been-till all the objectives which we set before us for the procuring of the unlimited and unconditional surrender of the enemy had been achieved.
Some of his most memorable speeches were given in this period, and are credited with stimulating British morale during periods of great hardship. In his 1946 speech in the USA, the instinctive pro-American famously declared that “an iron curtain has descended across the Continent”, and warned of the continued danger from a powerful Soviet Russia.
Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill condemns the Soviet Union’s policies in Europe and declares,
“We cannot be blind to the fact that the liberties enjoyed by individual citizens throughout the United States and throughout the British Empire are not valid in a considerable number of countries, some of which are very powerful. In these States control is enforced upon the common people by various kinds of all-embracing police governments to a degree which is overwhelming and contrary to every principle of democracy.
The power of the State is exercised without restraint, either by dictators or by compact oligarchies operating through a privileged party and a political police. It is not our duty at this time when difficulties are so numerous to interfere forcibly in the internal affairs of countries which we have not conquered in war. but we must never cease to proclaim in fearless tones the great principles of freedom and the rights of man which are the joint inheritance of the English-speaking world and which through Magna Carta, the Bill of rights, the Habeas Corpus, trial by jury, and the English common law find their most famous expression in the American Declaration of Independence.
All this means that the people of any country have the right, and should have the power by constitutional action, by free unfettered elections, with secret ballot, to choose or change the character or form of government under which they dwell; that freedom of speech and thought should reign; that courts of justice, independent of the executive, unbiased by any party, should administer laws which have received the broad assent of large majorities.
Churchill´s Iron Curtain Speech, at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri on March 5, 1946 is considered one of the opening volleys announcing the beginning of the Cold War.
Its´s not every day that a country commemorates the funeral of one of its statesman. University of Leeds politics lecturer Victoria Honeyman said to @MailOnline “the timing of the anniversary could help Cameron by reminding voters that under Churchill’s Conservatives, Britain was one of the victorious Allied nations that “set the tone for the latter half of the 20th century.”
- Lessons of the past can inform how we understand and confront the future.
Winston Churchill, who was the conservative Prime Minister had played a major part in helping the Allies to win the war. But, the United States joined the wars in Europe with Britain and France to defend free peoples, not to gain territory or resources. It helped rebuild its enemies Germany and Japan, and it provided peace and stability to Asia that allowed the region’s nations to thrive.
There is no better diplomatic investment in the years ahead than the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership agreements, which would bring higher standards of free market rules to two-thirds of the global economy and strengthen American and European prosperity for decades to come. U.S Secretary of State John Kerry continually reminds diplomats that “foreign policy is economic policy.” I could not agree more.